Ondorengo blog honek Gorbeiako Parke Natural magiko eta liluragarriari buruzko informazio zabala eskaintzen du. Paradisu eder honek hainbat ekintza egiteko aukera ematen du eta gure helburua aukera horiek ondo kudeatzea eta jendea erakartzea da parkeari buruzko informazioa emanez.
Blog honetan gure estrategia garatzeko erreferentzia nagusia “Gorbeia Central Park” webgune edo blog ezaguna izan da. Horretaz gain, esan beharra daukagu blog hau aurrera ateratzeko “Arratia Suzien” taldearen eta “Arratiako Mankomunitatearen” laguntza izan dugula.
Gorbeiako Parke Naturala Bizkaia eta Araba artean kokatzen da. Parke eder hau, Euskadiko parke natural handiena da 26.050 hektarea dituelarik eta bertako gailurrik garaiena Gorbeia mendia dugu 1481m-rekin. Aldamin 1375m eta Lekanda 1303m-rekin, dira beste gailur garrantzitsu batzuk.
Bizkaiko txoko maitagarri hau 1994. urtean izendatu zuten parke natural bezala ez soilik bere balio naturalarengatik baita bere balio kulturalarengatik bertako herri txikiak kulturaren ondare dira, tradizio eta pentsaera zaharrak ederki mantendu dituzten herritarrez beteak: Bizkaia aldean kokatzen diren herriak Areatza, Zeanuri, Zeberio eta Orozko dira Araban aldiz Zigoitia, Zuia eta Urkabustaiz.
Parke natural honek balore sentimental eta ideologiko handia izateaz aparte aukera bikainak eskaintzen ditu, kirol ezberdinak egiteko aukera adibidez: trekking, eskalada, mountain-bike, espedeologia… herrietako janleku bikainak dastatzeko aukera; Gorostondo, Arratiano, , Axpe Goikoa… uda giroan herrietako jai giroan murgiltzeko aukera, animaliez gozatzeko aukera ….. familiarekin eguna pasatzeko aukera …. .
Lo egiteko leku anitz dituzu edozein herritan baita ingurukoetan ere; Arantza (Igorren), Hotel Balneario Hesperia… (Areatzan) Hotel Etxegana ( Zeanuri) eta horretaz gain herri hauek bisitatzeko aukera ederra, herri txikiak izan arren erakargarriak baitira.
Anon, GORBEIA SUZIEN. Available at: http://gorbeiasuzien.blogspot.com.es/.
Anon, ARRATIAKO MANKOMUNIATETA. Available at: http://www.arratia.net/eu-ES/Orrialdeak/default.aspx.
Anon, GORBEIA CENTRAL PARK. Available at: http://www.gorbeiacentralpark.com/es/.
I sincerely believe that music grants a deep sense of fullfillment, one that improves life to limitless extents. This, though, is no wonder, since I am a musician myself -it would be rather counter-productive to go against the guild, dont you think?-. My most cherished instrument -of the few I own- is called “trikitixa”, a diathonic accordion typicial of the basque country, whose characteristic sound you must have surely heard. My intention with this post is to enlighten the reader with some deeper understanding of the instrument itself, the way it works, and some personal impressions.
Let us start with some history: The trikitixa is actually a variation of the diathonic button accordion, which has its roots in italy (incidentally, the main manufacturers are italian). Its “Diathonic” nature makes each an incredibly complicated product of luthiery, and thus they are quite costly, but, on the ther hand, if properly taken care of, they can outlast their owners. Because of this, it is not infrequent for the most veteran (and succesful) players to sport real vintages, antique models handed down from generation to generation in their families.
The diathonic accordion was introduced in the late 19th century by french and italian sailors and/or railway workers, in a time its use was extending all over europe. The trikitixa was developed as the originals suffered some small modifications in tone and bass-notes (and later on the 20th century, also by adding 4 altered notes). It consists of two keyboards and a bellow; the one for the right hand bears individual sounds and the one in the left, chords in different octaves. The sounds are made when the air (either stored in the bellow or from the outside) is made to go through dual windpipes each containing a thin metal sheet, which are sealed in one side so as to isolate notes. These windpipes are covered by a plug connected to its corresponding button through a small lever, thus allowing to play one note at a time, or any combination wanted (so long as the harmonics allow it).
Description of each section with complementary images here.
Traditionally, it has been assotiated with folk music from the basque country, being present in most of the traditional song types (specially “fandango”, “arin-arin”, and “kopla”), and frequently played accompanied by a “pandero” (a hand-percutted frame-drum), though from the late seventies onwards it has been increasingly paired with unorthodox instruments so as to include it in many other genres (pop, rock, jazz, and so on). Here are some examples of the “old” and the “modern” songs:
Personally, I think that it is a complicate instrument to play. It is an acquired taste, one that requires constant practice lest the player get rusty and the fingers sloppy, and there have been cases of people quitting out of sheer frustration. Nevetheless, once it gets to you, it is enormously satisfactory to play it, because of the challenge it suposses. I’ve been playing it for 12 years already, and I still have vast amounts to learn, so that should give you a pretty accurate idea of how tough it is.
And that’s it. I hope you enjoyed it.
Media and references:
Everyone knows that learning a language since childhood is far easier than learning it in adulthood because the brain is more receptive and open to new knowledge. Consequently, being bilingual or multilingual from an early age offers innumerable advantages that will be examined throughout this post. Firstly, I will look at the benefits that early language learning brings to our brains and overall way of thinking, and later I will move on to more generic advantages that being multilingual has.
In the past, experts believed that exposing children to two languages could hinder their cognitive development. They thought it was hard for them not to mix their lexis and that the influence of one language could make them structure sentences incorrectly in the other. However, more recent research has shown that this is not true and that in fact, even if at some point the two languages might interfere with each other, that tendency is soon outgrown and the way is opened for a more flexible mind, capable of learning even more languages, more easily and quickly than monolinguals. What is more, bilingualism improves cognitive skills not related to languages and delays the appearance of Alzheimer in old age.
According to researcher Ellen Bialystok, bilinguals are often better at controlling their attention – a function called the executive control system. The difference between monolinguals and bilinguals lies on their ability to monitor the environment. As researcher Albert Costa explains, “bilinguals have to switch languages quite often” and that “requires keeping track of changes around them in the same way that we monitor our surroundings when driving”. The executive function makes decisions about what to pay attention to, what to ignore or what to process, and bilinguals are better at filtering what to focus on.
The best way to test the executive control system is a method called the Stroop Test. It consists of showing people words in different colours and they have to say the colour and ignore the word. The difficulty is that the words are all names of colours. The mechanism used to overcome the brain’s tendency to read the word is the executive control system. Bialystok’s work shows that bilingual people continually practise this function, as both languages are active in their brains at the same time and they need to block one in order to speak the other.
As Kirsi Suutarinen explains in her post Are bilinguals smarter than the rest?, her 2-year-old daughter constantly switches between Finnish and Dutch (even in the same sentence) and is capable of knowing which language to use with each relative or friend. What is more, she shows an incredibly good memory. Like Suutarinen’s daughter there are many children enjoying the advantages that a bilingual environment provides.
Another proven benefit that being bilingual brings is related to the old age. In a study led by the neuropsychologist Tamar Gollan of the University of California, 44 elderly Spanish-English bilinguals were tested, and they found that individuals with a higher degree of bilingualism (evaluated by their proficiency in each language) were more resistant to the onset of dementia and other symptoms related to Alzheimer; “the higher the degree of bilingualism, the later the age of onset”.
Aside from all this, there are the more common rewards that knowing more than one language (even if it’s not since childhood) has. Globalisation has been a very common term over the last decades; barriers are being broken down and the entire world is unifying. Travelling ancompare it to. Furthermore, it usually forms a richer vocabulary, as a large amount of vocabulary in a language is very similar to that in other languages (because they come from Latin or Greek, for instance) or has directly been adopted from another language (like Spanish has integrated many English words in its lexis, or English from French).
Another great benefit is that being multilingual gives people lots of confidence when travelling, since they will be able to communicate in different languages depending on where they are. Globalisation has been a very common term over the last decades; barriers are being broken down and the entire world is unifying. Travelling and access to information from all over the world has never been easier and so, knowing more than one language turns out very practical.
It is advisable too, when starting business or making a deal with foreigners, to be able to speak to them in their language, or at least try, as it creates much stronger bonds and transmits greater trust than through a translator. Speaking of which, it has to be said that reading a book, an article or a piece of news in the original language is far better than reading the translation made by someone else. Considering that even though they have to be neutral, translators still need to interpret what they read, it is much more reliable to read the genuine piece in order not to miss any nuance the writer has wanted to include.
In conclusion, I think learning as many languages as possible is one of the best things people can do in order to broaden their horizons, and after discovering the many vantages they bring not only to our lives but to our brains I am much more convinced of the power of languages.
Are People Who Speak More Than One Language Smarter? (2011). Retrieved from http://learningenglish.voanews.com/content/are-people-who-speak-more-than-one-language-smarter-117617108/115171.html
Bhattacharjee, Y. (2012). Why bilinguals are smarter. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com/2012/03/18/opinion/sunday/the-benefits-of-bilingualism.html?_r=5&src=me&ref=general&
Carroll, J. (2005). What’s the importance of learning a foreign language? The business Journal. Retrieved from http://www.bizjournals.com/triad/stories/2005/08/29/editorial2.html
Emilys. (2012). Are Bilinguals Smarter? Retrieved from http://youthvoices.net/discussion/are-bilinguals-smarter
Graber, C. (2011). Being Multilingual Helps with Multitasking. Retrieved from http://www.scientificamerican.com/podcast/episode.cfm?id=being-multilingual-helps-with-multi-11-02-18
Janssen, L. A. (2012). Can being bilingual make you smarter? Retrieved from http://www.telegraph.co.uk/education/expateducation/9267252/Can-being-bilingual-make-you-smarter.html
Lavozdebarcelona. (2012). Los bebés bilingües diferencian otras lenguas pese a no haberlas oído nunca. Retrieved from http://www.vozbcn.com/2012/08/13/123544/bebes-bilingues-mejor-monolingues/
Los niños pequeños bilingües poseen más flexibilidad para el aprendizaje lingüístico. (2009). Retrieved from http://www.madrimasd.org/informacionidi/noticias/noticia.asp?id=40112
Siegfried, J. (n.d.). Learning Two Languages Makes Kids Smarter. Retrieved from http://www.healthguidance.org/entry/16414/1/Learning-Two-Languages-Makes-Kids-Smarter.html
Suutarinen, K. (2012). Are bilinguals smarter than the rest? Retrieved from http://languagerichblog.eu/2012/03/22/are-bilinguals-smarter-than-the-rest/
Top Ten Benefits of Early Language Learning. (n.d.). Retrieved from http://www.early-advantage.com/articles/topten.aspx
Two or More Languages in Early Childhood: Some General Points and Practical Recommendations. (1999). Retrieved from http://www.cal.org/resources/digest/earlychild.html
Valerio, M. (2011). Las ventajas de ser bilingüe. Retrieved from http://www.elmundo.es/elmundosalud/2011/02/18/neurociencia/1298046214.html
Wenner, M. (2010). The Neural Advantage of Speaking 2 Languages. Retrieved from http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=bilingual-brains
Westly, E. (2011). The Bilingual Advantage: Second Language Increases Cognitive Abilit. Retrieved from http://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=the-bilingual-advantage
Tobacco is the most consumed drug in our world. Some years ago it wasn’t frowned upon, but nowadays smokers are marginalized. Two years ago the Spanish parliament approved an anti-smoking law. Now smokers have to go out from where they are to smoke. And I think that this is a good law because non-smokers have to have more rights than the other. I dont mean that smokers deserve less rights but those who don’t like it should have priority.
Thats what smoking does to your body:
“Smoking hurts your lung’s natural cleaning and repair system and traps cancer-causing chemicals build in your lungs. Smoking destroys the tiny hairs, which line the upper airways and protect against infection. Normally, there is a very thin layer of mucous and thousands of these hairs lining the insides of your breathing tubes. The mucous traps the little bits of dirt and pollution you breath oxygen in, and the hairs move together like a wave to push the dirt-filled mucous out of your lungs. Then you have to waste your time coughing , swallow, or spit up the mucous, and the dirt is out of your lungs. When your lungs’ natural cleaning and repair system is hurt, germs, dirt and chemicals from cigarette smoke stay inside your lungs and never come out. This puts you at risk for a cough that never goes away, chest infections, lung cancer, and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease .”
But not only those who smoke are who suffer it’s damage. I’m referring to secondhand smokers. Secondhand smokers are who breathe the smoke when they are not smoker, for example, children, waiters… here we have the result of the damage that it causes:
-The EPA says secondhand smoke causes 3,000 cancer fatalities in Americans each year.
– The American Heart Association says that secondhand smoke causes 50,000 fatal heart attacks in Americans each year.
– An unspecified number of Americans are dying each year from “respiratory illnesses” attributable to secondhand smoke.
Most of the smokers are young. There are only a few who start smoking being an adult.
Teenagers start with it because they think that it is cool or that they may have more friends.
I don´t know. But what we know is that smoking is really harmful for our health and we must
not start with it.
The principal countries that cultivate tobaco are: Cuba, India, China, USA and Pakistan.
They use many pesticides that harm seriouly the ground. Tobacco companies recommend up to 16 separate applications of pesticides just in the period between planting the seeds in greenhouses and transplanting the young plants to the field. Pesticide use has started because the producers want to get larger crops in less time. Pesticides often harm tobacco farmers because they are unaware of the health effects and the proper safety protocol for working with pesticides. These pesticides, finally, end up in the soil, waterways, and the food chain.
The Second-hand Smoke Will Endanger Non-smokers Health
Passionate Anti Smoking Tobacco
IF WE ARE WHAT WE EAT, ARE NOT WE CLOSER TO “NATURE” IF WE INCORPORATE NATURAL AND ORGANIC FOODS INTO OUR DIET?
The “organic” label is one of the more recent vintage and is the product of its own countercultural revolution. Its prominence in grocery store aisles reflects a cultural repulsion against factory farms and their reliance on chemical, biological and other industrial solutions to the myriad challenges posed by growing crops and raising animals for safe human consumption.
Two of the most symbolic words in food promotion nowadays are “organic” and “natural.” Generally defined, “natural” means “present in or produced by nature” and is not something “altered, treated or disguised,” but rather “faithfully represents nature or life.” “Organic,” in its most abstract sense, means “simple, healthful, and close to nature.”
Organic products they are rare even among Spanish consumers. However, Spain is the second European country as a producer of organic food, almost 80% is exported to other countries. The reasons cited by citizens for not buying these products are unknown (33.3%), difficult to find in the market (31.3%) or the highest price (28.1%), which sometimes reaches overcome the traditional foods of 100%, especially fruits and vegetables.
What is ecological farming?
Organic farming also known as biological or organic, is a way to cultivate and care for the land and raising cattle respectfully with nature, without the use of toxic chemicals (fertilizers, pesticides, herbicides, so on). Seeded modified genetically (called GM or GMO) without forcing fertility cycles or animal feed. Its purpose is to get healthy food for all, at its maturity, with all the flavor, aroma, texture, with all the vitality and all the benefits of healthy food.
Besides, these foods offer many advantages over traditional reasons to opt for them.
Why eat ecological food?
Because they are healthy and safe for the body and have all the nutrients and vitamins own food.
Come from organic farming, that by not using toxic chemicals helps protect our health and care of the farmers and the environment.
Because plant or animal ingredients have not been genetically modified. Organic farming takes account of traditional agricultural knowledge while knowledge is up to date and cutting edge techniques to keep improving in all aspects, but not away from life or nature, and is managed with strict quality standards.
Because they come from an agriculture that preserves and enhances biodiversity by encouraging the planting of hedges and trees, to remove chemicals that affect wildlife and the entire food chain by diversifying crops, conserve indigenous seeds.
Organic farming is also a commitment by the farmer and the farmer to look after the land, woodland and water, to enable the animals to develop their innate behavior and are at all times in a position of comfort, to respect their cycles and needs.
Because they come from an agriculture that promotes work and country life preserving its own culture and contributes to satisfaction, health and culture of living in the city. While maintaining the diversity of the landscape with its beauty and harmony, helping to create jobs by requiring more labor and reduce agricultural surpluses with promoting quality rather than quantity.
Because organic food to take contribute to responsible consumption. A consumer of organic products know that organic farming contributes to rural development to better use of resources and a brake erosion and fires, a survival of the caring professions field then enjoyed by all; a fair prices for farmers.
Buy organic food, it is, food from the agriculture and livestock, is to support farmers to do their work gladly, watching the economic and social development of our peoples.
Because organic farming helps us recover the flavors almost lost, eating nice food gastronomic culture we know and we like for its aroma, its flavor.
Ultimately for their good quality.
How can we identify an ecological food?
All packaged products are obtained according to the rules of organic farming with its labeling are: “Organic farming” (in Castilian or in any of the languages of the European Union) and a logo or seal indicating authority or body control which certifies that this is so. If the product is produced and packaged in the EU can carry the logo European Organic and Biological.
If the product is fresh and not packaged (fruits, vegetables), make sure that the producer is enrolled in a watchdog and has a certificate of organic farming and production control.
Nowadays, it is demanded definite values which are linked to differential products, among the quality, safety, health, sustainability, so on. Food is a social and cultural fact as well as biological. Therefore, we do not only ingest nutrients, but also symbols. Through this act, we build an important part of our individual and social identity.
It is an interest for the traditional, the authentic, the craftsman, natural, products our land.
To sum up, organic foods have become part of daily food consumption thanks to its distinction, health, safety, nature, tradition, so on.
A dynamic that relies on new consumer trends in post-industrial societies, eager to find in nature the lost sensations by the advance of modernization and connecting with new marketing strategies that aim to consolidate “the local “as a brand or seal of quality and differentiation.
Organic production allows farmers and rural agro-industries to acquire a small space of autonomy from corporate power, in an increasingly competitive environment.
This strategy allows us to analyze the interaction between the local and the global, between tradition and innovation, and between the legacy of the past and the future bet. It goes without saying that the world echoing lets you discover a mosaic of men and women who work our land with a deep respect for the environment, animal welfare and food quality, healthier and they do these days with a optimistic mood, because we know that we are a small gift will be the great future buts. It is ultimately a way of raising awareness about organic food and highlight the quality and richness of our land.
– AGUILAR CRIADO, E. (2007), Productos locales, mercados globales. Nuevas estrategias de desarrollo en el mundo rural, en García Docampo, M. (ed.), Perspectivas Teóricas en Desarrollo Local. La Coruña: Netbiblo, pp. 147-169.
– ALONSO BENITO, L. E. (2004). “Las políticas del consumo: transformaciones en el proceso de trabajo y fragmentación de los estilos de vida”, en RES. Revista Española de Sociología, nº 4, pp. 7-50.
– ALONSO BENITO, L. E. (2002). “¿Un nuevo consumidor?”, en Abaco: Revista de cultura y ciencias sociales, nº 31, pp. 11-18.
– BESIÈRE, J. (1998), “Local Development and Heritage: Traditional Food and Cuisine as Tourist Attractions in Rural Areas”, en Sociologia Ruralis, nº 38 (1), pp. 21-34.
– BRUGAROLAS, M.; RIVERA, L. M. y SÁNCHEZ, M. (1997). “Potencial de mercado para nuevos productos alimentarios: la producción ecológica.” Investigaciones europeas de dirección y economía de la empresa, nº 3(1), pp. 61-76.
– CALOMARDE BURGALETA, J. V. (2000). “Marketing ecológico”. Madrid: Ed. Pirámide y Esic Editorial.
– CÁCERES, J. y ESPEITX, E. (2002), “Riesgo alimentario y consumo: percepción social de la seguridad alimentaria”, en Gracia (Coord), Somos lo que comemos. Estudios de alimentación y cultura en España. Barcelona: Ariel, pp.317-348.
– CÁCERES, F.; CRUZ, J. C.; RODRÍGUEZ, A.y RUBIO, L. A. (2004). “Calidad agroalimentaria y denominaciones de origen.” Cuadernos de la Tierra del Agricultor y Ganadero, Nº 3, PP. 6-16.
– DÍAZ MÉNDEZ, C. y GÓMEZ BENITO, C. (2001). “Del consumo alimentario a la sociología de la alimentación”, EN Distribución y Consumo, Nº 60, PP. 5-23.
– GONZÁLEZ RUIZ, L.y COBO QUESADA, F. B. (2000). “Agricultura Ecológica en España: las estrategias de marketing, claves para el éxito”, en Distribución y Consumo, nº51, pp.39-55.
– HERVIEU, B. (1997). Los campos del futuro, Madrid: Ministerio de Agricultura, Pesca y Alimentación.
– LOZANO CABEDO, CARMEN (2007), “La agricultura ecológica en el nuevo modelo de ruralidad. Una aproximación desde la Sierra de Segura (Jaén)”, en Neira, X.; Cervera, A. y Simón, X., Agroecoloxía e Agricultura Ecolóxica en Galiza. Catarroja (Valencia): SEAE, pp.91-99
– MURDOCH, J. y MIELE, M. (1999). “‘Back to Nature': Changing ‘Worlds of Production’ in the Food Sector.” Sociologia Ruralis, 39(4), 465-483.
– NYGARD, B.y STORSTAD, O. (1998). “De-globalization of Food Markets? Consumer Perceptions of Safe Food: The Case of Norway.” Sociologia Ruralis, 38(1), 35-53.
– RENARD, M.-C. (1999). “The Interstices of Globalization: The Example of Fair Coffee.” Sociologia Ruralis, 39(4), 484-500.
– WILLER, H.;SORENSEN, N.y YUSSEFI-MENZLER, M. (2008). “The World of Organic Agriculture. Statistics and Emerging Trends 2008.
With the expansion of the European Union, the need for communication and the diversity of new languages are seen as central issues. In the last years, English has become the world’s main language, but this doesn’t mean other languages will be likely to disappear. With all this, the need of acquiring communicative skills in a second or third language will be increased as well. This multilingualism is becoming very important and for it teachers are looking for ways to encourage language learning and promoting high levels in foreign languages.
CLIL will help students become academically proficient in foreign languages, increasing their cultural knowledge and motivating them to be able to speak about interesting topics, as well as preparing them for work and further study.
The basis of this method is to teach school subjects in a language that is not the mother tongue of the learners. Using this method, knowledge of the language will become the system of learning the taught content, and at the same time when learners get interested in a specific topic, they will feel motivated to obtain that language in order to be able to communicate.
This has several advantages. First of all, it helps children get to know a culture that is different from their own and makes them more international. In addition, when they study a subject in a foreign language, they learn how to use it in normal situations but they also improve their specific vocabulary. This is important for their future, because it gives them skills that will be very useful for their career.Apart from this, it will make children more tolerant towards other traditions and identities. In the integration of content and language, interests, needs and the level of students has an important role.
In conclusion, the main difference of CLIL from other education system is that the language teacher is also the subject teacher, so he is able to work out opportunities for developing language skills. Also I have to mention that is an educational system is so beneficial, because while you are studying essential subjects you are also improving your language level.
Finally I leave here a video so that you have a closer look on this new teaching method. Here, David Marsh gives a great insight into CLIL, answering relevant questions about advices on how to start up a CLIL programme.
- Steve Darn. (2006a). Content and Language Integrated Learning. 20 January. Retrieved from http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/articles/content-language-integrated-learning
- Steve Darn. (2006b). CLIL: A lesson framework. 31 January. Retrieved from http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/articles/clil-a-lesson-framework