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Archive for April, 2013

Hypertext and Tim Berners-Lee

Sir Timothy John “Tim” Berners-Lee  is one of the most important persons in the last twenty years. Thanks to his revolutionary work, we can be reading this blog post at the moment. To Know more about him, in the following lines it is going to be explained why is so important.

He was born 8 June 1955 in London,  he graduated the Queen’s College at Oxford University and he is a computer scientist who is known as the inventor of  the World Wide Web.File:Tim Berners-Lee April 2009.jpg

In March 1989, while he was at the European Particle Physics Laboratory in Geneva, Tim Berners-Lee submitted a proposal for an information management system to his boss, Mike Sendall. There it was said that he wanted to concern the management of general information about accelerators and experiments at CERN. Which is a large international organization that involves a big number of researchers located around the world.

Initially, his proposal received no reply, but anyway he began working on his idea .There were discussed the problems of loss of information about complex evolving systems and it was derived a solution based on a distributed hypertext system.  After that proposal to his boss and thanks to the help of Robert Cailliau he implemented the first succesful communication between a Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) client and a server through the Internet around mid November. By the end of the year he also he wrote a client program (browser) to retrieve and view hypertext documents. This client  was called “WorldWideWeb.”

During 1991 and 1993 he continued designing the Web by combining feedback from different users on the internet.  After a hard work  he made the WorldWideWeb browser and the web server available on the Internet.  But until computer enthusiasts from all over the world started setting up their own web servers the Web  did not began to take off.  The first Web page was served by the end of 1990.  In 1991, people outside of ‪CERN joined the new Web community, and in April 1993, CERN announced that the World Wide Web technology would be available for anyone to use on a royalty-free basis. Since that time,  it can be said that the Web has completely changed the world

In 2007,  it was recognized by Tim that the Web’s potential to help  people to bring a change still remained unrealized. He made public  his commitment  throuh the World Wide Web Foundation to ensure an open, free Web accessible and meaningful to all. A place where everybody  could share knowledge, access services, conduct commerce, participate in good governance and communicate in creative ways.

Actually he is the director of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C),  that was founded in 1994 ,which oversees the Web´s continued development.  Apart from that Tim has also  founded the World Wide Foundation and he is a senior researcher and holder of the Founders Chair at the MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL). It can not be forgotten that he is also  a director of the Web Science Research Initiative (WSRI), and a member of the advisory board of the MIT Center for Collective Intelligence.

If we have a look to the awards that he has won it can be seen that  are more than 25 awards. This means that he is  a very relevant person who has worked hard to reach his aims. Maybe the most important one is that he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II for his pioneering work in 2004.  During the 2012 Summer Olympics opening ceremony, he was honoured as the “Inventor of the World Wide Web”.  This year has won his last award which is the inaugural Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering, and he has shared with other five Internet and Web pioneers.

References:

Tim Berners-Lee. (2013, March 18). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 17:12, April 1, 2013, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Tim_Berners-Lee&oldid=545216408

Tim Berners-Lee.(2013, March 18). In World Wide Web Consortium.Retrieved 17:12, April 1, 2013, from http://www.w3.org/People/Berners-Lee/

Sir Tim Berners-Lee. In World Wide WebFoundation. Retrieved 17:12, April 20, 2013, http://www.webfoundation.org/about/sir-tim-berners-lee/.

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Categories: Web Communication

Alvin Toffler

April 29, 2013 Leave a comment

alvin
Sarrera:
Post honetan autore garrantzitsu baten inguruan jardungo dut, hala nola: Alvin Toffler. Autore hau, ezaguna da mundu osoan eta etorkizuna eta gizartearen inguruan lan egin du. Beraz, espero dut lan honetan gozatzea irakurketarekin.

Mamia:
Alvin Toffler (1928ko Urriak 3an jaio zen Estatu Batuetan), honek linguistika ikasi zuen New Yorkeko unibertsitatean, bertan ezagutu zuen bere emaztegaia eta laguntzailea izango zena, Heidi. Letretan, legeetan eta zientzietan doktoretza duena unibartsitate horretan, aktibista politikoa izan zen, ibilgailuak egiten zituen fabrika baten eta fundizio baten lan egin zuen teknologia eta lan baldintzak ezagutu nahian.
Kazetaritzan sartu zen, editore gisa lan egiten hasi zen, Fortune, Horizon eta Life aldizkarietan hain zuzen ere. IBM eta Xerox enpresa teknologikoetan lan egin zuen eta ondoren bere aholkulari-a sortu zuen Toffler eta adiskideak izenarekin. Washingtonen berriemaile gisa lan egin eta doktoregoa lortu ondoren, etorkizuneko soziologiari buruzko eskolak eman zituen New School for Social Research-en (hinbat unibertsitateko irakasle izan da). Haiek izan ziren futurologiaz emandako lehenengo eskolak eta ikasketak berarentzat. Bere obra guztiak teknologi berriei, komunikabideei eta hauen ondorioei buruz hitz egiten dute. Horregatik futurista jotzen da, eta hainbat sari jaso ditu.
Toffler-ek gertakizun sozialen azterketa, dibulgazioaren bidez zabaldu eta sakondu beharraz hitz egiten zuen, eta horrela irabazi zuen. Bere obren argitalpenak zirkulu akademikoetatik urrunarazi zuten, eta jende artera hurbildu, arrakasta handia izan baitzuten Future Shock (1970, “Etorkizuneko shocka”) eta The Third Wave (1980, “Hirugarren uhina”) lanek. 1960ko hamarraldiaz geroztik, bere emazte Heidiren laguntza izan du liburuon idazketan, hura ere gizarte-aldaketen azterketan aditua baita, etorkizuneko mugimendu eta gertakizunen ikertzailea.

Beste lan batzuk:
Previews & Premises (1983, WAurrerapenak eta premisakW); Powershift: Knowledge, Wealth and Violence at the Edge of the 21st Century (1990, WBoterearen aldaketaW), War and Anti-War (1993, WGerra eta antigerraW) eta Revolutionary Wealth (2006, WAberastasun iraultzaileaW).

Aukeraketaren zergaitia:
Hhainbat autoreren artean interesgarriena iruditu zait hainbat artikulu irakurri ondoren, nahiz eta beste batzuk ere garrantzi handikoak izan, baina Alvinek gai interesgarri baten inguruan jarduten duenez egokiagoa dela iruditu zait, gainera terminoaren asmatzailea izan zenez garrantzi handikoa da gaiaren inguruan eta asmatzaileari erreferentzia egitea egokia dela deritzot. Beraz, esan beharra dago, gure mundurako oso baliogarri izan diren gogoetak eta istorioak argitara eman dituela eta beste hainbat gauza garrantzitsuren inguruan ere gauza bera, hala nola: teknologia berrien inguruan, komunikabideak, lan egoerak…

Autoreak esandako esaldi ospetsuak:
“Los analfabetos del siglo 21 no serán aquellos que no saben leer y escribir, sino aquellos que no puedan aprender, desaprender y reaprender”, ” Nuestros poderes tecnológicos aumentan, pero los efectos secundarios y posibles riesgos también aumentan”.
Bertan eskuragarri: http://www.frasecelebre.net/Frases_De_Alvin_Toffler.html

Erreferentziak:

http://eu.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alvin_Toffler

http://www.biografias.es/famosos/alvin-toffler.html

http://www.leighbureau.com/speaker.asp?id=17

http://www.amazon.com/Alvin-Toffler/e/B000AP5YBK

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Categories: Uncategorized
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