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Citation Impact linked to Open Access

Citation impact has been proved to be crucial as we tend to consider ourselves “experts”. Due to that, citation impact related to Open Access has been studied in the link that I will try to explain.

Citation is needed so readership will not distrust the paper´s content. For that reason, I have chosen the topic of citation impact for my class-record. And I will explain why I have chosen concretely this link: http://www.openoasis.org/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=560&Itemid=391

Open Access offers access to scientific information, and the link below explains that free online access has increased citation. In fact it has links to several studies carried out by different experts, such as, Michael Kurtz, Brody & Harnad or Kristin Antelman. So the web page itself proves to be reliable as experts´ studies and their results have been added thanks to links.

Moreover, Michael Norris has carried out a study based on four subjects: ecology, applied mathematics, sociology and economics. So he has searched citation advantage on free online resources and on toll ones, what he then published in his doctoral thesis on Loughborough University.

As he concluded: “There was a clear citation advantage for those articles that were OA as opposed to those that were TA. This advantage, however, varied between disciplines…”

The link I am explaining has even an external link which includes the citation impact which have varied subjects, trying to be more specific: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/268516/2/Citation_advantage_paper.pdf

Moreover, a graphicbased on Stevan Harnard´s research groups in Southampton and Montreal has been included. The graphic tries to show the increase in citations thanks to Open Access.

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As the article explains, for the graphic:

“The methodology used was to crawl the web looking for scholarly articles that are available in full-text on an Open Access basis. Once one was located, other articles from the same issue of the same journal were sought with which to compare it.”

The article continues explaining which are the advantages of Open Access to realise why it increases the citation impact. They are seven: download advantage, competitive advantage, accessibility advantage, quality advantage, quality bias and early access advantage.

The web page expalins accurately in what each advantage is based, making distinctions among them and including another link for further information: http://eprints.soton.ac.uk/266600/1/davisnew.html.

“A citation advantage will continue to accrue to articles that are openly disseminated early in the publication process.”

So finally it explains that although Open Access has given a great step in citation impact, everything is not just Open Access, as it depend as well in the amount of literature which is published free online.

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