Archive

Author Archive

Hipotecando el Futuro.

La Convención de los Derechos de los Niños de las Naciones Unidas en su Artículo 19, se refiere al maltrato infantil, como:

Toda violencia, perjuicio o abuso físico o mental, descuido o trato negligente, malos tratos o explotación, mientras que el niño se encuentre bajo la custodia de sus padres, de un tutor o de cualquiera otra persona que le tenga a su cargo.

Cuando hablamos de maltrato infantil muchas veces imaginamos escenas terribles en las que los niños son sometidos a la crueldad de los adultos, aunque la mayoría de las situaciones de maltrato pueden pasar más desapercibidas. De hecho, la negligencia, la falta de supervisión, el desinterés y el abandono emocional son más frecuentes de lo que podamos pensar.

Definir los malos tratos a la infancia parece sencillo, sin embargo resulta complejo. Existe un consenso referente a los grandes Síndromes del Niño Maltratado y situaciones de alarma social, pero otras circunstancias no se presentan tan evidentes. Los propios profesionales tienen sus criterios, lo que se traduce en la existencia de múltiples definiciones.

La legislación española define el desamparo legal, Código Civil, Art. 172, como:

Situación que se produce de hecho a causa del incumplimiento, o del imposible o inadecuado ejercicio de los deberes de protección establecidos por las leyes para la guarda de menores, cuando estos queden privados de la necesaria asistencia moral o material.

A partir de estos conceptos se establece una definición aceptada por una buena parte de los profesionales que trabajan en el tema de la protección infantil y que considera el maltrato infantil como:

Acción, omisión o trato negligente, no accidental, que prive al niño de sus derechos y su bienestar, que amenacen y / o interfieran su ordenado desarrollo físico, psíquico y / o social y cuyos autores pueden ser personas, instituciones o la propia sociedad.

Esta es la definición aportada por el Observatorio de la Infancia del Ministerio de Trabajo y Asuntos Sociales, y será la que a partir de ahora se asumirá como la definición más apropiada para referirse a los malos tratos a la infancia.

La definición incluye lo que se hace (acción), lo que se deja de hacer (omisión), o se realiza de forma inadecuada (negligencia), ocasionando al niño no solamente daño físico, psicológico (emocional y social), sino que considerándole persona – objeto de derecho incluye sus derechos y su bienestar, y cuyos autores pueden ser las personas (familiares o no) y las instituciones – administraciones (maltrato institucional).

El maltrato infantil se encuentra sin duda entre los más serios problemas presentes en la sociedad moderna. La calidad de vida de numerosos niños se encuentra profundamente deteriorada por los malos tratos que experimentan en el entorno familiar y social, y sus acciones se extienden más allá de las graves consecuencias tanto en el desarrollo físico, emocional y mental del niño para alcanzar un bienestar con la familia y la sociedad.

El maltrato a los niños y niñas es un grave problema social, con raíces culturales y psicológicas, que puede producirse en familias de cualquier nivel económico y educativo. Detrás de cada maltratador hay un niño, con una historia de maltrato que aprendió a privilegiar las respuestas violentas por la recepción de actos igualmente violentos que ha tenido en el ambiente familiar de generación en generación.

Read more…

Victory is Peace.

This year’s Nobel Peace Prize has been awarded jointly to three women – Liberian President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Liberian Leymah Gbowee and Tawakul Karman of Yemen.

They were recognised for their “non-violent struggle for the safety of women and for women’s rights to full participation in peace-building work”.

Karman is a Yemeni human rights activist who has been a leading figure in mass protests against the government in 2011.

Johnson Sirleaf is the first woman to be democratically elected as President of an African country. Amnesty International in the past considered her to be a prisoner of conscience, jailed for her opposition to the ruling government in 1985.

Gbowee mobilized women across ethnic and religious lines to help end war in Liberia and ensure women’s participation in elections there.

First of all, as a short summary, the Nobel release read:

It is the Norwegian Nobel Committee’s hope that the prize to Ellen Johnson Sirleaf, Leymah Gbowee and Tawakkul Karman will help to bring an end to the suppression of women that still occurs in many countries, and to realise the great potential for democracy and peace that women can represent.

Furthermore, Karman, appears to be the first to have a quoted reaction to the award and dedicated it, via BBC News:

“I’m so happy with the news of this prize and I dedicate it to all the martyrs and wounded of the Arab Spring … in Tunisia, Egypt, Yemen, Libya and Syria and to all the free people who are fighting for their rights and freedoms. Actually I didn’t know I was nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize until now. I only knew about it through BBC Arabic and al-Jazeera, so thank you very much.”

The most important newspaper in US (the New York Times) states some of these declarations:

“Ms. Karman, 32, a mother of three, took to the streets of the capital along with about 50 other university students in January, demanding the resignation of President Ali Abdullah Saleh.

“This is a victory for Arabs around the world,” she said of the prize, adding “and a victory for Arab women.”

InLiberia, Mrs. Johnson Sirleaf said that she and Ms. Gbowee accepted “this honor on behalf of the Liberian people and the credit goes to them.”

“For we are now going into our ninth year of peace, and every Liberian has contributed to it,” she said. “We particularly give this credit to Liberian women, who have consistently led the struggle for peace, even under conditions of neglect.”

The three women will receive their awards, each consisting of a diploma, a gold medal and a third of the 10 million Swedish kronor ($1.48 million, 1.08 million euros) prize money at a ceremony in Oslo on December 10, the anniversary of the death in 1896 of prize founder Alfred Nobel.

Read more…

A french melody: Les Choristes

Foreign films are generally produced on small budgets. They also succeed in frequently telling great stories. This is the case with a charming little 2004 French film called Les Choristes (The Chorus), in which our Wikipedia Article is focused on.

Les Choristes is a post-World War II film of nostalgia, optimism and authenticity. This gentle drama, nominated for both an Academy Award and a Golden Globe Award, is from first-time French director Christophe Barratier. It features a music teacher named Clement Mathieu (Gerard Jugnot) who lands a job at a boys’ boarding school settled by delinquents and orphans. The school, run by a martinet headmaster (François Berléand), is a place for misfits and losers.  Sensing potential in these exuberant boys Mathieu forms a choir to lead in his charges through the transforming power of song. He knows his actions will likely end his career but he presses on courageously.

Clement Mathieu demonstrates some of the greatest virtues: love, patience and self-discipline. The story is told from the perspective of two boys who are reunited many years after their time at the dreary boarding school. The opportunity to reflect on how their lives were changed by this one great teacher leads them to consider how powerful Mathieu’s influence really was in shaping their lives.

This is the formula used (with some variations) by many films about music teachers, such as Mr. Holland’s OpusMusic of the Heart, and non-music teachers, like To Sir With LoveDangerous MindsStand and DeliverDead Poets Society.

Les Choristes is a charming story of hope infused with so much optimism and nostalgia. Genuine, heartwarming, and completely inspiring.

Read more…

Ruth Lea: Dos formas de entender el multiculturalismo

December 10, 2011 11 comments

Multiculturalism

Ruth Lea afirma que hay dos formas de entender el multiculturalismo

The first one is the more common way and that is every culture has the right to exist and there is no over-arching thread that holds them together.

That is the multiculturalism we think is so destructive because there’s no thread to hold society together. It is that multiculturalism that Trevor Phillips has condemned and, of course, we are totally supportive.

There is another way to define multiculturalism which I would call diversity where people have their own cultural beliefs and they happily coexist.

And that is clearly what I would support because you do accept that people have different cultures and you accept them.

It a positive acceptance not a negative tolerance.

Read more…

%d bloggers like this: