Students of Modern Languages 2 we had to make some presentations on each character who appear in the book of Aitor Ibarrola “Entre dos mundos”. My group had to make the work about Sui Sin Far, Canadian short story writer, journalist, and essayist. The work was difficult because there is not a lot of information about this important woman in the history of China. But it has been very interesting to know about her and learn about the things that I did.
To learn about Sui Sin Far:
Sui Sin Far (the pseudonym of Edith Maude Eaton) is regarded as the first fiction writer of Asian descent to achieve professional publication in the Americas. The child of a British father and part-Chinese mother, Far’s stories focus on the experiences of Chinese immigrants to the United States and Canada. In her short stories, Far countered popular stereotypes of Chinese immigrants and spoke against racial prejudice. She frequently focused on the unique position of Eurasians like herself, of mixed Western and Asian descent, who are often excluded from both Anglo and Asian communities. Far published numerous short stories, sketches, essays, and articles in popular magazines throughout the United States. Mrs. Spring Fragrance (1912), a collection of short stories, was Far’s only volume of fiction to be published during her lifetime. Although somewhat recognized as a noteworthy writer, Far’s work was largely ignored by critics from the time of her death until the 1980s, when the burgeoning field of Asian American studies led to a resurgence of critical interest in her work. Her work has been made available to a modern readership with the 1995 publication of Mrs. Spring Fragrance and Other Writings, a compilation of Far’s stories, sketches, and essays.
Apart from learning about Sui Sin Far, we aldo know her works. The most important book she wrote is called Mrs. Spring Fragance, here goes a little pharagraph which talks about it:
When Mrs. Spring Fragrance first arrived in Seattle, she was unacquainted with even one word of the American language. Five years later her husband, speaking of her, said: “There are no more American words for her learning.” And everyone who knew Mrs. Spring Fragrance agreed with Mr. Spring Fragrance. Mr. Spring Fragrance, whose business name was Sing Yook, was a young curio merchant. Though conservatively Chinese in many respects, he was at the same time what is called by the Westerners, “Americanized.” Mrs. Spring Fragrance was even more “Americanized.”
- Information about Sui Sin Far (Source: Short Story Criticism, ©2003 Gale Cengage): http://www.enotes.com/sui-sin-far-criticism/far-sui-sin
- Information about Mrs. Spring Fragance (unknown author and date): http://storyoftheweek.loa.org/2010/01/mrs-spring-fragrance.html
“Puede que tengas que enfrentarte a muchas derrotas pero nunca debes acabar derrotado”. The hard life of this African-American woman is summarized in this phrase. She was born in St. Louis (Missouri) the 1928. Her childhood was full of hard times. Her brother and she had to live for a long time with her grandmother because her parents’s divorce. The 10 years spent with her grandmother in Stamps (Arkansas) provided her the most of the materials she would use in her famous autobiography: I know why the caged bird sings. In the book describes what it meant to be a colored girl in the state of Arkansas in the decades of 30 and 40.
When she was 8 years old she was raped by her mother’s boyfriend. After revealing the name of the attacker, Angelou had to go through trials and later for the murder of the rapist caused by her uncles. So, she realized that her words had the power to kill and she spent 5 years in silence. Decades later, the writer said: “Escribo para recuperar la voz negra y para todos aquellos oidos que quieran oirla”. Later, during her adolescence she had a brief drop in prostitution and she also got into the drug world.
But her political activism and her commitment to literature enabled her to get out of this deep well. Over the 60 and 70 decades Angelou was involved in the struggle for civil rights of her people. On the other hand, she traveled to several African countries where she worked as editor of newspapers and collaborate on humanitarian projects.
In addition to his autobiography, Angelou is a great writer of poems, here goes a poem based on his book:
I KNOW WHY THE CAGED BIRD SINGS
The free bird leaps
on the back of the win
and floats downstream
till the current ends
and dips his wings
in the orange sun rays
and dares to claim the sky.
But a bird that stalks
down his narrow cage
can seldom see through
his bars of rage
his wings are clipped and
his feet are tied
so he opens his throat to sing.
The caged bird sings
with fearful trill
of the things unknown
but longed for still
and is tune is heard
on the distant hillfor the caged bird
sings of freedom.
The free bird thinks of another breeze
an the trade winds soft through the sighing trees
and the fat worms waiting on a dawn-bright lawn
and he names the sky his own.
But a caged bird stands on the grave of dreams
his shadow shouts on a nightmare scream
his wings are clipped and his feet are tied
so he opens his throat to sing.
The caged bird sings
with a fearful trill
of things unknown
but longed for still
and his tune is heard
on the distant hill
for the caged bird
sings of freedom.
- All the information about Maya Angelou appearing in this post has been taken from the book Entre dos mundos (Aitor Ibarrola)
- All about I know why the caged bird sings (Literature Study Guides, it doesn´t appear the author and the date): http://www.sparknotes.com/lit/cagedbird/
- Poems of Maya Angelou, third poem of 20 (two dates: Friday, January 03, 2003; and Tuesday, May 31, 2011): http://poemhunter.com/poem/i-know-why-the-caged-bird-sings/
For those who do not know what an international actor is, I am going to explain the meaning to this basic concept of International Relations subject (touch by Maria Jesus Cava).
In the complex system of interactions where it is developed the actual international life, the role of international actors is fundamental. The international society is defined in function of the role that each actor plays in it.
The work of the international organizations is every day more important in the international relations (ONU, OTAN, OCDE,…). We call them transnational forces that group the nongovernmental organizations (Amnistía Internacional or Greenpeace) and multinational companies.
The cast of international actors does not finish here, it has to be mentioned another type of organizations also. These ones have a diverse character: religious (the Catholic Church), political (International of parties), of care and humanity (Cruz Roja), sporty (FIFA),…
Now we will see an example of international actor, Greenpeace.
As it is said in the official we page:
Somos una organización ecologista y pacifista internacional, económica y políticamente independiente, que no acepta donaciones ni presiones de gobiernos, partidos políticos o empresas.
Nuestro objetivo es proteger y defender el medio ambiente y la paz, interviniendo en diferentes puntos del Planeta donde se cometen atentados contra la Naturaleza. Greenpeace lleva a cabo campañas para detener el cambio climático, proteger la biodiversidad, acabar con el uso de las energía nuclear y de las armas y fomentar la paz.
* Definition of international actor by José A. Sotillo (Universidad Complutense de Madrid): http://www.ucm.es/info/eurotheo/diccionario/A/actorinternacional.pdf
* Official web page of Greenpeace: http://colabora2.greenpeace.es/contenido/?/que_es_greenpeace/
Linked Data is theway that the Semantic Web has to link the different data that are distributed on the Web, so that is referenced in the same way they do the links on Web pages.
The Semantic Web is not just the publication of data on the Web, but they can be linked to others, so that people and machines can explore the web of data, being able to related information referred from other initial data.
In the same way that the web site of the hypertext, the web of data is built by documents on the web. However, unlike the web of hypertext, where links are relationships between points of the documents written in HTML, the data link arbitrary things described by RDF.
For example, assuming that a directory of companies publishes specialized informationon relative to organizations, such as size or professional area, you may want to indicate also information about location. There are web sites with large geographic databases with detailed information on locations, the business directory can refer to the geographical data that are arranged in the external source. Thus, the initial data of the organization are enriched with information provided by experts in the geographical area.
As we can read in the book of Tom Heath and Christian Bizer ( Linked Data: Envolving the Web Into a Global Data Space, 2011):
The term Linked Data refers to a set of best practices for publishing and interlinking structured data on the Web. These best practices were introduced by Tim Berners Lee in his Web architecture note Linked Data and have become known as the Linked Data principles. These principles are the following:
1. Use URIs as names of things
2. Use HTTP URIs, so that people can look up those names.
3. When someone looks up a URI, provide useful information, using the standards (RDF, SPARQL)
4. Include links to other URIs, so that they can discover more things
* Linked data. (2012, April 27). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved 21:15, May 8, 2012, from http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Linked_data&oldid=489499805
* Linked Data: Envolving the Web Into a Global Data Space by Tom Heath and Christian Bizer (2011) http://books.google.es/books?id=OFv59Wcfkx8C&printsec=frontcover&dq=linked+data&hl=es&sa=X&ei=-oypT5eKM8n98QPPuP3UCg&ved=0CD8Q6AEwAQ#v=onepage&q=linked%20data&f=false
For the Wikipedia article our group have choosen the Portu Zaharra of Algorta. If we search it in Wikipedia there is no imformation in English, that is why we have decided to talk about this place. A member from the group is from Algorta and we all live near to Algorta and know it, those are some reasons why we choose it. For those that don´t know the Puerto Viejo, you can see some blog talking about it: http://puertoviejodealgorta.blogspot.com/ and http://uribekosta.blogariak.net Read more…